ERIC Number: ED357253
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Helping the Unemployed. Active Labour Market Policies in Britain and Germany.
Disney, Richard; And Others
Both Germany and Great Britain have recently experienced increases in unemployment. Both countries have developed substantial labor market programs. Germany offers full-time adult training and retraining courses for employed and unemployed persons. Great Britain has a system of youth training but, until recently, has done little for adults. It has now, however, instituted a large program of part-time employment training for unemployed adults and subsidies to employers providing work experience. Germany has its own recruitment subsidy system that subsidizes 50-70 percent of the wages earned by persons recruited from the ranks of the hard-to-place unemployed. Germany has a job creation scheme for employing mostly long-term unemployed persons with a focus on social service employment, whereas Great Britain abolished its own large-scale job creation program in 1988 and now allocates resources directly to training. Both countries offer free job placement services. In Great Britain, the Restart Programme works to remotivate unemployed persons and pressure them to fill available vacancies. Both countries' employment programs have had degrees of success in reducing unemployment but could be improved by the following: an active system of placement and counseling, a system to recruit hard-to-place workers, and a system of publicly supported temporary work at regular workplaces. (13 figures; 62 tables; 169 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Comparative Analysis, Employment Patterns, Employment Services, Foreign Countries, Job Development, Job Placement, Job Training, Labor Market, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Retraining, Tables (Data), Unemployment
BEBC, 15 Albion Close, Parkstone, Poole, Dorset BH12 3LL, England, United Kingdom (18 British pounds).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society, London (England).
Identifiers - Location: Germany; United Kingdom (Great Britain)