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ERIC Number: ED357236
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar-25
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Gilligan's Moral Orientation Hypothesis: Strategies of Justification and Practical Deliberation.
Keefer, Matthew Wilks
Previous studies failed to determine whether Gilligan's (1982) justice and care perspectives represent two distinct orientations of moral reasoning. Using methods developed in research on reasoning and discourse processes, a study used a discursive framework to validate an alternate methodology for the investigation of moral orientation reasoning. A second study using these methods examined responses of 16 men and 16 women to 3 questions pertaining to Kohlberg's Heinz dilemma that were graded toward an increasing emphasis on retrospective evaluation. Results supported the hypothesis that subjects oriented to deliberation (mostly women) perceived this dilemma as a problem of prospective judgment (deliberation) as demonstrated by their use of narrative structures (interactive plans and social planning episodes). Subjects oriented to justification (mostly men) perceived the dilemma as a problem of retrospective justification as demonstrated by their focus on principles and rationales presented as a defense of their chosen solution. Evidence that this alternate account of moral orientation hypothesis is closely related to Gilligan's was provided by a high convergent validity score established between selection of those protocols exhibiting these strategies using this alternate method and those same protocols identified as either justice or care using Lyons (1982) measure. (Appendixes include 24 references and an encoding scheme for the Heinz Dilemma using the Moral Reasoning Grammar.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A