ERIC Number: ED357060
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of BIB-Spiralling Induced Missing Data Patterns on Goodness-of-Fit Tests in Factor Analysis. Occasional Paper OP93-1.
The impact of the use of data arising from balanced incomplete block (BIB) spiralled designs on the chi-square goodness-of-fit test in factor analysis is considered. Data from BIB designs posses a unique pattern of missing data that can be characterized as missing completely at random (MCAR). Standard approaches to factor analyzing such data rest on forming pairwise available case (PAC) correlation matrices. Developments in statistical theory for missing data show that PAC correlation matrices may not satisfy Wishart distribution assumptions underlying factor analysis, this impacting tests of model fit. A new approach for handling missing data in structural equation modeling advocated by B. Muthen, D. Kaplan, and M. Hollis (1987) is proposed as a possible solution to these problems. The new approach is compared to the standard PAC approach in a Monte Carlo simulation framework. Simulation results show that tests of goodness-of-fit are very sensitive to PAC approaches even when data are MCAR, as is the case for BIB designs. The new approach outperforms the PAC approach for continuous variables and is comparatively much better for dichotomous variables. One table and one figure illustrate the discussion. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on Adult Literacy, Philadelphia, PA.