NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED357048
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Response Modality Variations Affect Determinations of Children's Learning Styles.
Janowitz, Jeffrey M.
The Swassing-Barbe Modality Index (SBMI) uses visual, auditory, and tactile inputs, but only reconstructed output, to measure children's modality strengths. In this experiment, the SBMI's three input modalities were crossed with two output modalities (spoken and drawn) in addition to the reconstructed standard to result in nine treatment conditions. Forty 4-year-old and 40 7-year-old children (half of each gender in each age group) from preschools and an elementary school in a suburban area of a southeastern city completed all of the study tasks. Teachers rated their visual, auditory, and tactile characteristics along a seven-point scale, and gave an overall ranking to the child. Only 1 child's strengths were the same in all 3 response modalities, 33 children's strengths were the same in 2 response modalities, and 46 children's strengths were different in all 3 response modalities. Results suggest that modality strength depends on response modality, that strengths and preferences are different, and that teachers' evaluations are unrelated to children's task performance. The lack of connection between the SBMI and achievement found in previous research may be due to the difference in response modality, given that the SBMI has relied on tactile characteristics, while achievement tests use written characteristics. One table and six figures illustrate the results. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A