ERIC Number: ED357045
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Differentiation of Self Inventory: Development and Initial Validation.
Skowron, Elizabeth A.; Friedlander, Myrna L.
The development and initial validation of a new self-report instrument, the Differentiation of Self Inventory (DSI), are presented. The DSI represents the first attempt to create a multidimensional measure of differentiation based on Bowen Theory, focusing specifically on adults (aged over 25 years), their current significant relationships, and their relations with families of origin. Among family therapists, Bowen Theory is regarded as the most comprehensive explanation of the development of psychological problems from a systemic perspective. A principal components factor analysis on a sample of 311 normal adults (98 males and 213 females) (mean age of 36.8 years) in New York and California suggested the following 4 dimensions: (1) emotional reactivity; (2) reactive distancing; (3) fusion with parents; and (4) "I" position. Scales constructed from these factors were found to be moderately correlated in the expected direction, internally consistent, and significantly predictive of trait anxiety. The potential contribution of the DSI is discussed for testing Bowen Theory, as a clinical assessment tool, and as an indicator of psychotherapeutic outcome. Three tables present study findings. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A