ERIC Number: ED356954
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of Factors Affecting Choice of Majors in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering at the University of Michigan. Research Report #23.
Manis, Jean D.; And Others
Women have traditionally not entered the fields of science and mathematics. This study examines survey responses of University of Michigan seniors interested in science for factors associated with the attraction away from the sciences among women, and reasons why they are more attracted to other fields. The survey respondents were senior women (n=213) who had responded to a science interest questionnaire as freshmen, senior women (n=85) who had not responded to the questionnaire as freshmen, and senior men with similar backgrounds in science (n=124). Women and men respondents were classified as either science concentrators or humanities and social science concentrators. Data presented in this report are based on comparisons among these four groups, or combinations thereof. The first section of the report compares the high school experiences of these groups. The second section compares the university experiences of these groups. Experiences are described by year from the freshman to senior year. Other comparisons are reported concerning educational and career plans, interpersonal influences on career plans, impact of affiliative relationships and family plans, and attitudes about science and careers. Conclusions are discussed about women's enrollment in science and mathematics courses, affective aspects of learning, lack of contact with women in scientific fields, parental influences in the decision to study science, the importance of science in career plans, and combining family and career roles. Six recommendations to increase women's enrollment in science are made. (Contains 22 references.) (MDH)
Descriptors: Career Choice, College Freshmen, College Seniors, Engineering Education, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Rate, Females, Higher Education, Majors (Students), Mathematics Education, Parent Influence, School Surveys, Science Education, Science Interests, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes, Student Characteristics, Tables (Data)
University of Michigan Center for the Education of Women, 330 E. Liberty St., Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2289 ($6).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for the Education of Women.