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ERIC Number: ED356937
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Apr-5
Pages: 36
Abstractor: N/A
Self-Reported Biliteracy and Self-Esteem: A Study of Mexican American 8th Graders.
Huang, Gary Gang
This study examines the relationship between proficient bilingualism or biliteracy (proficiency in reading and writing in both Spanish and English) and the self-esteem of Mexican American students. The concept of proficient bilingualism has not been widely used to examine bilingual education's noncognitive functions, in particular its effect on the self-esteem of Mexican American students. This study analyzed data from the 1988 National Education Longitudinal Survey. The sample included 1,034 Mexican, Mexican American, and Chicano eighth graders with a Spanish-English bilingual background. Based on self-report, students were categorized as either biliterate, English monoliterate, Spanish monoliterate, or oral bilingual. A set of 13 questions that measured self-esteem were factor analyzed, generating three subdimensions (self-deprecation, self-confidence, and fatalism). Controlling for students' sociodemographic background, school experience, academic performance, and status among peers, analysis revealed: (1) Mexican American children who saw themselves as biliterates had the highest self-confidence as compared to monoliterates and oral bilinguals; (2) English monoliterate children had lower fatalistic attitudes than other children; (3) self-reported Spanish monoliterates seemed disadvantaged in the three measures of self esteem; and (4) there was a strong interactive effect between parents' education and children's birth place (U.S. or foreign) on biliteracy identity. This paper includes data tables. Contains 40 references. (LP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A