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ERIC Number: ED356934
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Risk and Hazard Management in High Adventure Outdoor Pursuits.
Meier, Joel
The dilemma in adventure education is to eliminate unreasonable risks to participants without reducing the levels of excitement, challenge, and stress that are inherent in adventure programming. Most accidents in outdoor pursuits are caused by a combination of unsafe conditions; unsafe acts (usually on the part of the student); and error judgments (usually on the part of the instructor). William Haddon developed an injury prevention model that can be easily adapted to adventure programming. The model includes three steps. Step 1, the pre-event phase, emphasizes that failures can be prevented by changes in the system rather than attempting to change errors in human action or behavior. Step 2, the event phase, minimizes the chance that injury will result while the activity or event is in progress through the use of "passive" protection devices as well as more active measures such as periodic snow stability evaluation to determine likelihood of avalanches. Step 3, the post-event stage, reduces the necessary consequences of accidents by salvaging the situation quickly through having the necessary back-up systems on hand as well as the knowledge, training, or experience needed to implement the needed action. (LP)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A