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ERIC Number: ED356890
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Use of Sequential Analysis To Identify Functionally Equivalent Behaviors in Mother-Child Interactions.
Cook, William L.; And Others
To identify maternal scaffolding behaviors, this study used conventional sequential analysis to examine mother-child dyads interacting in problem-solving and exploration contexts. Conventional sequential analysis estimates the temporal contingency between the antecedent behavior of one person and the consequent behavior of a second person. Subjects were 16 mothers and their children, ranging from 24 to 32 months, from upper middle-class families. Each mother-child dyad was observed and videotaped for 20 minutes at the child's preschool. The session consisted of 10 minutes of a problem-solving activity and 10 minutes of an exploration activity. Analysis indicated that four maternal behaviors (focusing, seeking assistance, pretend-playing, and listening) were associated with an increased probability that the child would subsequently exhibit exploratory behavior. Two behaviors (focusing and directing) were associated with a decreased probability that the child would be off-task. In the problem-solving task, three maternal behaviors (directing, positively evaluating, and seeking assistance) were associated with an increased probability of the child solving a piece of the puzzle, and two behaviors (focusing and directing) were associated with a reduced probability of the child being off-task. Results suggest that children's exploratory behavior is influenced by antecedent maternal behaviors. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A