ERIC Number: ED356887
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Sex-Role Development in Young Children: Relationships to Behavioral and Attitudinal Measures of Parental Gender Schemas.
Perry, Louise C.; Morgan, Amy K.
To explore early sex-role development, this study examined the gender schemas of parents in relation to the sex-typed toy preferences of their own young children. Subjects were 82 parents of children between the ages of 3 and 8. Test stimuli consisted of 2 equivalent lists of 24 occupations, each list containing 8 occupations coded as typically male, female, or neutral. Each item was presented singly. In the immediate-response condition, subjects were asked to decide as quickly as possible whether each occupation was most appropriate for men, women, or both. In the delayed-response condition which followed, the second list of occupations was presented and subjects were asked to think over their response until a signal sounded (after a 2.5 second delay). Parents' judgments were compared with judgments about sex-typed toys made by their children in a separate study. Parents also completed questionnaires to measure personal sex-typing, general attitude towards women's roles, and views about prospective play activities and future career options of their children. Analysis showed that parents' gender-category judgments were not related to their children's judgments. However, there were a number of parent-child gender-schema links, including a relationship between mothers' judgments of previously sex-typed feminine occupations as appropriate for both men and women, and their sons' reduced avoidance of feminine toys. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A