ERIC Number: ED356886
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Antecedents of Aggression and Peer Victimization: A Prospective Study.
As part of a longitudinal study of children's social development, this study explored preschool home environments of elementary school children who were persistently bullied and victimized by their peers. Subjects included approximately 200 children randomly sampled from predominantly lower and middle socioeconomic populations. One-fourth of the children were African-American. In the summer before the children began kindergarten, researchers interviewed the child's mother about the child's home experiences, including exposure to harsh punishment, violence, aggressive role models, and marital conflict, and about the family's exposure to stressful challenging events. The children were followed for 5 years with a variety of measures obtained each year. A victim-aggression status was determined for each child using sociometric interviews with the child's classmates. Children were classified as aggressive victims, passive victims, aggressive nonvictims, and normative contrasts. Because few girls were classified in the extreme categories, analysis was limited to male subjects. Analyses revealed that third and fourth grade aggressive victim status was significantly predicted by preschool exposure to violence, marital conflict, stressful challenging events, harsh restrictive discipline, and physical harm by family members. No clear pattern regarding histories of passive victims emerged. A developmental pathway can be hypothesized in which preschool exposure to violence and aggressive role models provides boys with the opportunity to learn goal-oriented aggressive behaviors. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A