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ERIC Number: ED356884
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Negative Cognitive Errors and Positive Illusions: Moderators of Relations between Divorce Events and Children's Psychological Adjustment.
Mazur, Elizabeth; Wolchik, Sharlene
Building on prior literature on adults' and children's appraisals of stressors, this study investigated relations among negative and positive appraisal biases, negative divorce events, and children's post-divorce adjustment. Subjects were 79 custodial nonremarried mothers and their children ages 9 to 13 who had experienced parental divorce within the previous 2 years. Subjects were participants in an evaluation of a preventive intervention program for children of divorced parents. One child from each family was interviewed at home, while the mother was interviewed in a separate room. Inventories used were part of a larger battery of questionnaires conducted as pretests to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention program. Analysis indicated that children's negative cognitive errors moderated the relations between divorce events and children's antisocial conduct, classroom competence, and peer competence. Children's scores on a scale measuring positive illusions (high self-regard, illusion of personal control, and optimism for the future) moderated the relation between the occurrence of divorce events and children's academic competence. Together, results suggest that intervention programs which simultaneously target children's appraisal biases and the incidence of negative divorce-related events in their lives would benefit children of divorced parents. Four tables of data and three figures are included. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A