ERIC Number: ED356812
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-May
When Four-Year and Community Colleges Collide: Studies in Planning for Enrollment Maximization.
Prather, James E.; Carlson, Christina E.
In an era of tight budgets and declining enrollments, two-year colleges are increasingly viewed as feeder schools by larger, four-year colleges and universities, and are themselves exploring the costs and benefits of cooperative arrangements. Research has isolated five general types of cooperative arrangements between two- and four-year institutions. In Type 1 (Articulation and Coordination) agreements, academic programs and services are coordinated between institutions and course contents are roughly comparable, but institutions retain separate administrative processes. The second type of arrangement (on-site upper division course offerings) occurs when four-year colleges offer upper-division courses on the community college campus. This type of arrangement often represents a testing ground for closer, more permanent cooperation. In Type 3 (on-site degree programs) cooperative arrangements, two-year colleges construct buildings on their campuses expressly to house degree programs offered by four-year institutions, while type 4 arrangements (satellite campus) occur when a satellite campus of the four-year institution is established on a two-year campus. Finally, under the fifth type of cooperative arrangement (satellite university/university college) a four-year institution and one or more two-year colleges participate in a consortium agreement, necessitating uniform application and financial aid processes. In developing a cooperative arrangement, institutional research can play a crucial role by providing support for administrative decisions, data collection/assessment services, and general information. Includes an examination of the changing demographics affecting college attendance patterns, a review of the literature on cooperative arrangements, and a list of 18 partnership projects involving 50 two-and four-year institutions nationwide. (PAA)
Descriptors: Articulation (Education), College Administration, Community Colleges, Cooperative Programs, Educational Finance, Educational Research, Educational Trends, Enrollment, Enrollment Trends, Higher Education, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Transfer Policy, Transfer Programs, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges, Universities
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Forum of the Association for Institutional Research (33rd, Chicago, IL, May 16-19, 1993).