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ERIC Number: ED356769
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Apr
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Top-Down versus Grass Roots Decision Making about Computer Acquisition and Use in American Schools.
Becker, Henry Jay
National survey data are used to address questions about the centralization and decentralization of decision making about computer use in American schools. Settings in which centralization and decentralization in decisions about computers are greatest are considered. The consequences of alternative decision-making structures are also considered, using data from the U.S. administration of the 1989 International Education Association Computers-in-Education survey involving a national probability sample of teachers and administrators from approximately 1,400 schools, with more than 5,500 respondents, including over 3,000 teachers. In the United States, the development of instruction-related computer activities has proceeded in a very decentralized pattern, although administrators and districts have come to take on more importance. Most teachers still use computers with relatively few constraints on their independent decision making. Nevertheless, the outcomes valued by leaders in computer-based education including teachers are related to active district-level involvement and the leadership of a school-level computer coordinator. It appears that reliance on district and school-based computer experts can coexist with the trend toward decentralized site management and increased teacher authority. Increasing top-down decision making can produce better results in instructional computer use. Three figures and nine tables present study data. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A