ERIC Number: ED356730
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Oct-27
Faculty Work and the Cost/Quality/Access Collision.
Mingle, James R.
This report examines the issue of faculty workload within the context of rising educational costs and educational demand and its impact on quality and access. Research on the questions of how hard faculty work, what they do with that working time, and especially how much time is spent in the classroom is discussed. Faculty workload studies are showing that (1) faculty are working longer hours than they ever have (averaging 54 hours per week); (2) teaching loads ranged from a low of 6.4 hours at research institutions to a high of 15.2 hours at liberal arts and two-year colleges; and (3) full-time faculty at research universities average about 3 hours per week with undergraduates, while faculty at comprehensive universities average 8.4 hours a week. In addition, workload studies are showing a shift from teaching to research, particularly in research and doctoral-granting institutions, caused by the substantial growth in available research dollars and the increasing competition for tenure. The report concludes with a discussion of the alternatives for managing faculty resources over the next decade. Alternatives discussed include connecting tenure and promotion criteria with adoption of state and campus mechanisms that explicitly recognize both research and teaching, and linking faculty pay and incentives to research and teaching, and faculty pay and incentives linked to decentralized budgeting strategies in colleges and departments. (GLR)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Budgeting, College Faculty, Compensation (Remuneration), Educational Quality, Expenditures, Faculty College Relationship, Faculty Workload, Governance, Higher Education, Incentives, Policy Formation, Productivity, State Aid, Tenure, Universities
State Higher Education Executive Officers or ECS Distribution Center, 707 17th Street, Suite 2700, Denver, SO 80202-3427 ($5, prepaid).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Policymakers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; Virginia State Council of Higher Education, Richmond.
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.; State Higher Education Executive Officers Association.
Note: For related documents, see HE 026 383-385.