ERIC Number: ED356711
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Survey of Physics and Astronomy Bachelor's Degree Recipients, 1991-92. AIP Report.
Ellis, Susanne D.; Mulvey, Patrick J.
An annual survey was conducted of the career plans of 1992 recipients of bachelors degrees in physics and astronomy. The survey has been carried out every year since the 1960s and is a reliable indicator of the graduates' postbaccalaureate intentions and how those trends reflect America's changing economy. For the 1992 survey 2715 of 4965 physics bachelors degree recipients responded. Of astronomy degree recipients, 130 of 186 responded. Three main findings included the following: (1) a lingering recession makes graduate study more attractive than employment at the bachelor's level; (2) since the mid-1980s the proportion of holders of bachelors degrees in physics who become high school teachers has doubled; and (3) only one-third of the employment-oriented physics bachelors degree holders reported making extensive use of their training. The study also found that women, foreign minorities, and United States Asians ranked highest in the proportions of bachelor degree holders who entered graduate study in physics or astronomy. From the survey of astronomy graduates, the survey sample contained proportionately more women, and fewer minorities. This area also shows a shift toward further graduate study and away from employment with only the bachelor's degree. Only 31 percent of astronomy graduates intended to pursue employment directly after college graduation. The paper includes three figures and seven tables displaying the data. (JB)
Descriptors: Astronomy, Bachelors Degrees, Career Choice, Educational Trends, Employment Opportunities, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Minority Groups, National Surveys, Physics, Science Careers, Sex Differences, Student Attitudes
American Institute of Physics, 335 East 45th Street, New York, NY 10017-3483.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Inst. of Physics, New York, NY. Education and Employment Statistics Div.