ERIC Number: ED356653
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
English as a Second Language: 25 Questions and Answers. Fastback 347.
Walling, Donovan R.
Frequently-asked questions about English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction are posed and answered. Questions address the following: the goals of ESL instruction; how ESL differs from bilingual education; how students needing ESL are identified; where interpreters are found; the "Lau Decision"; how to find out how much English the student understands; the distinction between conversational and academic proficiency in English; ESL and age-appropriate placement; the ESL teacher's role; early childhood ESL programs; how much ESL is enough; how soon ESL students should be mainstreamed; dealing with special education needs; what regular classroom teachers should do to help ESL students; sheltered English; the role of bilingual aides; ESL students' use of their native language in school; grade retention and promotion and academic standards; parent involvement; instructional materials; use of instructional technology; ESL program funding; program recordkeeping; ongoing professional training for ESL teachers; and ESL inservice education for regular teachers. Lists of print materials, publishers and distributors of ESL materials, and organizations useful as resources are appended. (MSE)
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Academic Standards, Bilingual Education, Bilingual Teacher Aides, Court Litigation, Educational Objectives, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, English for Academic Purposes, English (Second Language), Financial Support, Identification, Inservice Teacher Education, Instructional Materials, Interpreters, Language of Instruction, Language Proficiency, Language Role, Language Teachers, Language Tests, Mainstreaming, Parent Participation, Program Design, Recordkeeping, Second Language Instruction, Special Education, Student Placement, Teacher Role
Phi Delta Kappa, P.O. Box 789, Bloomington, IN 47402-0789 ($1.25, $1 Phi Delta Kappa members).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, Bloomington, IN.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Lau v Nichols