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ERIC Number: ED356620
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Connective Choice between Native and Japanese Speakers.
Tabuki, Masatoshi; Shimatani, Hiroshi
A study investigated the use of connectors in English conversation between native Japanese-speakers and teachers outside the classroom. Data were drawn from six videotaped conversations between pairs of Japanese students, all learning beginning-level English, with conversational support provided by English teachers. The functions of four connective words ("okay, and, so, oh") in conversation management, for both students and teachers, were examined. Results indicate that "okay" filled such functions as transition, continuance, request for agreement, and approval, and appeared most often in the changing of topic, especially to mark the conclusion of a topic. "And" performed such connective functions as continuation, contrast, prodding, consequence, and brevity. It most often marked continuation of a topic, and was heavily used by students. "So" marked consequence, interference, summing up, prodding, filling, initiation, and self-correction, and was used most often for prodding. "Oh" marked receipt of new or unexpected information, recognition of old information, repair, shift in subjective orientation, and evaluation, and was used most commonly to mark receipt of new information and recognition of old information. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A