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ERIC Number: ED356560
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Essential Schools and the Basics; Resisting Technocratic Rationality.
Bauer, Norman J.
In essential-schools philosophy, the purpose of education on the individual level is to instill intellectual and moral discipline. On a societal level, education's purpose is to transmit the essential portion of total heritage to students. Technocratic rationality is the belief that bureaucrats and administrators decide policy about the goals of education, while teachers determine how to achieve those goals. The combination of essential-schools philosophy and technocratic rationality has made teachers and students feel subservient to those above them. There is a growing conflict in education between functionalist and neo-Marxist constructs. This conflict can be seen in disagreements over gay and lesbian literature in schools, sex education, birth control, and religion and school entanglements. Technocratic rationality was established in public education in the 1890s when it was determined the purpose of education was to create a moral, independently thinking, working individual. At the same time, John Dewey was developing his theories that promoted methods of science in education. However, Dewey's scientific principles were misapplied and teachers and students became objects to control and manage. A significant dialectical tension continues between traditionalists and the more liberal empirical-naturalistic, pragmatic, student-centered claims. Reference notes are included. (JPT)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A