ERIC Number: ED356533
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jan-20
Reference Count: N/A
The Human Face of Reform: Meeting the Challenge of Change through Authentic Leadership.
Evans, Robert L.
With some notable exceptions, the school critics in the first and second "waves" of restructuring have largely neglected problems of resistance in implementation of reform. The primary task of managing change is not technical, but motivational. Building commitment to innovation among those who must implement it requires a focus on readiness. Implementation depends on four change dimensions that often impede restructuring efforts: (1) substance (the content of reform); (2) staff (the faculty's willingness and capacity for change); (3) setting (the strength of a school as an organization); and (4) leadership. Problems encountered in the first three dimensions place an exceptional burden on the fourth. Authentic leadership is needed to overcome these obstacles; leaders must no longer aim at manipulating subordinates, but at motivating followers who invest themselves actively and become self-managing, engaged participants. Five biases for innovative leadership action include clarity, participation, communication, recognition, and confrontation (versus avoidance). All these artful endeavors are effective when rooted in authenticity. Authentic leaders demonstrate a clear commitment to new goals while inspiring, pushing, modeling, advocating, and confronting. At the same time, they show a strong investment in teachers by acknowledging, encouraging, rewarding, respecting, and listening. (Contains 20 references.) (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Human Relations Services, Inc., Wellesley, MA.