ERIC Number: ED356456
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-May
Reciprocal Teaching: A Review of 19 Experimental Studies. Technical Report No. 574.
Rosenshine, Barak; Meister, Carla E.
Since the introduction of the concept of reciprocal teaching by A. S. Palincsar and A. L. Brown in 1984, researchers have conducted a number of studies that attempted to replicate and/or extend the original one. A review was conducted of 19 studies that used reciprocal teaching to help students improve their ability to comprehend text. The review found that: (1) results were usually more significant when explicit instruction in the cognitive strategies was provided before the reciprocal teaching began than when reciprocal teaching only was used; (2) results were mostly non-significant when below-average students were taught, yet usually significant when all other students were taught; and (3) results were usually significant when experimenter-developed tests were used, yet usually non-significant when standardized tests were used. (Fourteen tables of data are included.) Two appendixes provide lists of studies analyzed and a script illustrating the explicit teaching of questioning prior to the reciprocal teaching dialogue. (Contains 50 references.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Center for the Study of Reading, Urbana, IL.