ERIC Number: ED356412
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Nov-13
Reference Count: N/A
The Comparative Nature of Quality: Distance Education in the Developing World.
Distance education has developed into a variety of correspondence courses, covering a wide range of subject matter. Distance education systems operate on all continents, at levels from primary to university and through the nonformal and vocational. The variation selected must meet a given need and be appropriate to available resources. Many problems that new distance learning institutions have to face have common elements, including budget, information and communication, and improvement of quality. Quality involves five different elements. First, materials must be learner friendly, academically respectable, able to be used by the average student, interesting in content and layout, and relevant. Second, learning materials and any peripheral media or equipment must be available. Third, tutors and students need to become familiar with distance learning methodology and practice. Fourth, the whole system must be managed effectively. Fifth, monitoring, evaluation, and feedback must be viewed as important. Formative evaluation allows the system and its materials to be improved continuously. Summative evaluation monitors educational effectiveness, relevance of programs, and economic viability. Feedback--information--is required at the correct time to enable remedial action to be taken. (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Correspondence Schools, Developing Nations, Distance Education, Educational Administration, Educational Quality, Educational Resources, Foreign Countries, Formative Evaluation, Instructional Materials, Program Development, Program Evaluation, Program Implementation, Quality Control, Summative Evaluation
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the World Conference of the International Council for Distance Education (16th, Bangkok, Thailand, November 13, 1992).