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ERIC Number: ED356277
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Restructuring Curriculum and Schooling for the 21st Century.
Shapiro, Arthur S.; And Others
The role of theory in the restructuring of schools and curriculum is discussed. Theory is defined as a set of assumptions from which laws or principles may be derived. The descriptive, analytical, and predictive characteristics of theory are described. The examination of the relationship of theory to practice leads to the conclusion that they are inextricably linked. Theory is limited in that it is a construct created by human beings. It is necessary that theory be as valid and reliable as possible, but the claim of objectivity is not supportable. The idea of paradigm shift is explored, and it is contended that a paradigm shift is in the making in the field of curriculum, where theory has not always guided practice. A process theory is proposed that consists of the following parameters: (1) sensing a problem and developing a plan; (2) generating interactions; (3) negotiating by the various players; and (4) creating outcomes. The proposed theory transcends the field of curriculum, and is, in fact, a theory of organizational decision-making. Two examples of process theory use in curriculum design and in industry are described. (SLD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A