ERIC Number: ED356274
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Individual Differences in Skill Acquisition: Information Processing Efficiency and the Development of Automaticity.
Pellegrino, James W.
Results are reported for a series of 13 studies examining individual differences in information processing efficiency. The tasks used represented different content domains and levels of processing complexity. A total of 680 individuals (balanced between males and females, and aged 18 to 25 years) were tested. Subjects were selected from individuals screened during 1983, 1984, and 1985. Measures of information processing speed showed various relationships to standardized ability measures. Measures of changes in processing speed and efficiency showed little relationship to each other and to standardized ability measures. The results are considered relative to issues of assessing an individual's current levels of information processing efficiency and movement toward more automatic or efficient processing levels. Assessment of the latter is problematic and may require complex tasks performed over intervals of time longer than 2 to 5 hours. Finally, standardized ability measures only partially reflect an individual's current levels of processing efficiency. Thirty-eight tables present study findings, and 47 figures illustrate relationships among measures and subjects. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Air Force Human Resources Lab., Brooks AFB, TX. Manpower and Personnel Div.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Santa Barbara. Graduate School of Education.