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ERIC Number: ED356264
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Pages: 52
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Advances in the Detection of Differentially Functioning Test Items.
Hambleton, Ronald K.; And Others
The development and evaluation of methods for detecting potentially biased items or differentially functioning items (DIF) represent a critical area of research for psychometricians because of the negative impact of biased items on test validity. A summary is provided of the authors' 12 years of research at the University of Massachusetts (Amherst) pursuing item response theory-based and Mantel Haenszel (MH) DIF detection methods. In addition, a set of guidelines is offered for conducting DIF studies based on these research findings. These recommendations include the following: (1) the two-step procedure recommended by P. W. Holland and D. T. Thayer (1988) is preferred to the simple procedure; (2) the criterion used for matching examinees must be approximately unidimensional; (3) larger examinee samples are preferred; (4) with limited sample size, the power of the statistic can be increased by increasing the majority group and holding the minority group constant; (5) with very large samples, measures of both statistical significance and effect size may be important in screening items; (6) examinees in the sample must represent the population of interest; (7) combining score groups in the matching criterion may be useful for increasing the power of the MH statistic; (8) items that have lower a-parameters (item discrimination parameters) are less likely to be identified by the MH method; and (9) the MH method is not blind to non-uniform DIF. (Contains 5 tables, 3 figures and 47 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A