ERIC Number: ED356181
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
Japanese and U.S. Education Compared. Fastback 338.
Beauchamp, Edward R.
This document presents a comparative analysis of education in Japan and the United States. The report explores differences between U.S. and Japanese culture. While the United States may be characterized by its diversity, Japanese culture is distinctive in the extent of its uniformity. Japan, moreover, has a highly centralized educational system; U.S. education is extremely decentralized. Education is compulsory in both countries, until age 16 in most U.S. states, and until 15 in Japan. While many students in the United States work or participate in other activities, Japan tends to view schooling as a student's job. Japanese students face a longer school year and a more rigorous, government controlled curriculum than do their U.S. counterparts. In Japan, teaching is a more highly respected and rewarded field than it is in the United States. There are major attitudinal differences concerning schooling in the two countries. The United States tends to emphasize students' abilities, while the Japanese place greater emphasis on persistence and personal responsibility. From the Japanese system, the United States can learn: (1) the true value of taking education seriously; (2) the need to raise academic standards; and (3) the ability to spend wisely on education. (Contains 15 references.) (LBG)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Compulsory Education, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Traits, Educational Administration, Educational Quality, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Japanese Culture, Social Values
Phi Delta Kappa, P.O. Box 789, Bloomington, IN 47402-0789 ($1.25; members, $1; quantity discounts).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners; Researchers
Authoring Institution: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation, Bloomington, IN.
Identifiers - Location: United States