ERIC Number: ED356156
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
"Daddy's Gone to War": Father Absence and Its Differential Effects on America's Homefront Girls and Boys during the Second World War--and After.
Tuttle, William M., Jr.
The absence of fathers during World War II had differing effects on the development of identity in boys and girls. Articles and research of the era discussed boys' separation from their fathers but largely failed to address daughters' loss of paternal influence. Evidence suggests that for both boys and girls, the problem was not primarily the separation of children from their fathers but rather, the manner in which the mother dealt with the absence and the father's return. Recent research indicates that girls derive their basic sense of identity from experiencing themselves as being like their mothers. They emulate their mothers' behaviors and continue to identify with their mothers through childhood. There is research that suggests that father absence may increase aggressiveness in girls and perhaps allow them to develop less traditionally feminine sex roles. (LBG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Berkshire Conference on the History of Women (8th, New Brunswick, NJ, June 9, 1990).