ERIC Number: ED356099
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Homeless Children: Meeting the Educational Challenges. ERIC Digest.
Goins, Brad; Cesarone, Bernard
Difficulties faced by homeless children include depression, low self-esteem, lack of sleep and nutrition, and feelings of shame and embarrassment. Challenges faced by schools in providing education to homeless children include: (1) keeping children in one school despite frequent family moves; (2) ensuring that children's health records are obtained; (3) providing quiet times for children to do homework; and (4) providing transportation. The education of homeless children was addressed by the McKinney Act of 1987, which called for access to free education for every homeless child. Amendments to the act passed in 1990 mandated that states address issues of transportation, immunization and residency requirements, and school and health records. Measures that schools can take to help homeless children succeed in their education include: (1) coordinating social services; (2) providing counseling; (3) providing a place for children between the closing of school and the opening of the shelter; and (4) using computerized tracking systems to coordinate homeless children's records. Several communities have tried comprehensive approaches to educating homeless children. These approaches include transitional schools for homeless children, which children attend before being mainstreamed into regular schools, and case management approaches, in which a case manager coordinates school staff, counselors, shelter workers, and health care and family support services in order to meet homeless children's basic needs. (BC)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Reports - Descriptive; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Stewart B McKinney Homeless Assistance Act 1987