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ERIC Number: ED356089
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Differences in Mother-Neonate Twin Interaction.
Riese, Marilyn L.
To investigate differences in mothers' interaction patterns with their neonate twins based on birth order, relative size at birth, or gender, 37 neonate twins and their mothers were observed during the first 10 minutes of a feeding in a hospital nursery. Time-sampling recordings were made of maternal behaviors related to proximal stimulation, distal stimulation, positive and negative affect expression, and vocal stimulation. Fourteen neonates were bottle-fed and 23 neonates were breastfed; in all instances, the mother fed only one neonate at a time. No differences in interactions were found based on birth order or size within twin pairs. However, significant differences were observed based on neonate gender. Mothers displayed more positive and negative affect toward their male neonates than toward their female neonates. Mothers used positive vocalizations, looked and smiled at, and stroked and held their male neonates more frequently than their female neonates. Mothers were more likely to talk to others in the room when interacting with their female neonates than with their male neonates. Significant differences were found in the patterns of intercorrelations of several maternal behaviors toward their male and female neonates. These behaviors included expressions of positive affect, vocalization, and responsive and rejecting behaviors. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A