ERIC Number: ED356088
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Ethnic Variations in Social Support Networks and Child Rearing.
MacPhee, David; And Others
Comparing Ute Mountain Indians, Hispanics, and Anglos within several communities, this study examined: (1) ethnic differences in the structure and function of parents' support networks; and (2) the relation of social support to parental feelings of competence and parenting behaviors. From 4 sites in Colorado, 484 parents or guardians of 2- to 5-year-old children were selected from the DARE to Be You prevention project on the basis of various risk factors, including low income, teenage child-bearing, and family history of substance abuse. Subjects were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups, with the experimental group participating in an 8- to 12-week series of parent education workshops and support groups designed to promote self-esteem and positive child-rearing practices. All participants completed a pretest booklet of scales on child development and behavior, child-rearing practices, parental functioning (locus of control, attributions, self-esteem), and background information. The experimental group completed a posttest booklet at the conclusion of the intervention workshops. Analysis revealed that Ute Mountain Indians have social networks governed by frequent interchanges with an interconnected web of kin; Hispanic parents have large, close-knit networks but fewer resources for emotional support; and Anglo parents have structurally diffuse but emotionally supportive networks. (Contains 53 references.) (MM)
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Cultural Context, Cultural Differences, Ethnic Groups, Ethnicity, Family Life, Hispanic Americans, Intervention, Low Income Groups, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Role, Preschool Children, Program Effectiveness, Self Esteem, Social Networks, Social Support Groups, Socialization
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Office for Substance Abuse Prevention.
Authoring Institution: N/A