ERIC Number: ED356085
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar-26
Reference Count: N/A
Does Children's Behavior Reflect Day Care Classroom Quality?
Love, John M.
Focusing on one aspect of a study examining the child-staff ratio in California state-subsidized day care centers, this paper explores the relationship between indicators of quality and the behavior of children in day care centers. In fall 1990, trained observers spent a week in 122 day care classrooms throughout California. During this time they rated teachers and aides, counted students, recorded interactions and activities, and coded children's behavior for 4 consecutive mornings. Two months later classrooms were randomly assigned a child-staff ratio configuration that they would be required to achieve and maintain for the spring session. One-third of the classrooms were asked to increase their ratio to 9:1; one-third to increase to a 10:1 ratio; and the final third to maintain an 8:1 ratio. Two months after the ratio change, observers returned and repeated the same observations in 112 classrooms. This paper presents findings from the spring data collection only. Analysis revealed that two aspects of child behavior were most consistently reflective of program quality: indicators of stress and other negative behaviors (crying and fighting); and percentage of time children were uninvolved in classroom activities. Classroom dynamics (including caregiver behavior) showed stronger relationships with children's behavior than did structural variables. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California