ERIC Number: ED356062
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
The Impact of Mothers and Peers on Adolescents' Gender Role Traditionality and Plans for the Future.
Belansky, Elaine S.; And Others
This study examined the impact of conversations with mothers and peers on adolescents' beliefs about gender roles, their career plans, and their plans for managing work and family responsibilities. Approximately 1,000 twelfth grade students, evenly divided by gender, were interviewed. Results concerning children's beliefs about gender roles indicated that: (1) girls were more nontraditional than boys; (2) the more adolescents talked with their friends about the future, the more nontraditional gender role beliefs they expressed; (3) the more adolescents talked with their mothers about the future, the fewer nontraditional beliefs they expressed; and (4) girls who talked a lot with their mothers about their futures were more nontraditional than other girls in their gender role beliefs. Concerning beliefs about career, results indicated that boys desired a powerful job more than did girls; and the more time adolescents spent talking about their futures with their mothers or friends, the more likely they were to desire a powerful job. Concerning work and family plans, results indicated that girls were more likely than boys to plan to take time off from work to have children; and adolescents who talked a lot about the future with their mothers or friends were more likely than other adolescents to plan to change their work schedule once they had children. (PM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, LA, March 25-28, 1993).