ERIC Number: ED356045
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Retention in Elementary School on Subsequent Academic Performance.
Snyder, Janie H.; West, Russell F.
This study examined the impact of grade repetition or retention on the subsequent academic performance of students in rural and urban areas in northeast Tennessee. A total of 40 students who were retained in grades 3 or 5 during the 1985-1986 school year, and 70 students who were not retained, completed the Stanford Achievement Test yearly between 1986 and 1989. Results indicated that: (1) students who were retained showed an increase in their achievement scores the second year they were in their retained grade; (2) the increase in achievement scores diminished the following year; and (3) in the third year after retention, there was no difference between the achievement scores of students who were retained and students who were promoted. Results also indicated no differences in the effects of retention for students in urban and rural schools. Nine data tables are included. (Contains 18 references.) (PM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stanford Achievement Tests