ERIC Number: ED355910
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Jan
Effects of Two Practice Strategies on Two Types of Recall. A Research Report.
Pina, Anthony A.; Richmond, Alan D.
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether learner-generated or experimenter-provided adjunct practice questions are superior for facilitating recall of lower-order and higher-order textual information. The subjects for this experiment were 74 sixth grade students from three classes, randomly assigned to lower-order and higher-order treatment groups. The study utilized a modified posttest-only design with no control group. Approximately one month prior to the study, the subjects received instruction in generating lower-and higher-order questions by the classroom teacher. Both learner-generated and experimenter-provided adjunct practice questions were shown to be an effective aid in facilitating recall of information compared with reading-only conditions. It was found that experimenter-provided questions yielded superior recall, possibly due either to the fact that the students may not possess the cognitive skills necessary for the task or to a high correlation between the provided questions and the items on the posttest. (Contains 11 references.) (ALF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (New Orleans, LA, January 13-17, 1993).