ERIC Number: ED355821
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Haitian Folktales as a Literary Strategy for Elementary Haitian ESOL Students.
Oscarsson, Kristen L.
To address low reading achievement of Haitian elementary school students receiving English-as-a-Second-Language instruction, a technique for reading instruction using Haitian folk tales was implemented. It was anticipated that by drawing on students' background knowledge of the Haitian oral tradition and using Haitian literature as a storytelling text, students would make the vital link between print and oral language. A target group of fourth- and fifth-grade Haitian students participated in storytelling sessions. Using a language experience approach, students recorded and illustrated the stories in a book format, then shared their books and stories with other classes. Results showed increased reading skills in the target group. No significant gain was found in self-esteem, which was consistently high both before and after the project. The group indicated a preference for Haitian books over American books. Student writing doubled in quantity over the 12-week treatment period, and critical thinking skills were enhanced. It is concluded that use of Haitian folk tales was effective in increasing literacy skills. The reading assessment tool, initial and post-treatment student surveys, and the critical thinking checklist used in the project are appended. (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Classroom Techniques, Critical Thinking, Elementary School Students, English (Second Language), Folk Culture, Grade 4, Grade 5, Haitians, Instructional Effectiveness, Intermediate Grades, Literacy Education, Reading Skills, Second Language Instruction, Self Esteem, Story Telling, Writing (Composition)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Practicum Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: M.S. Practicum, Nova University.