ERIC Number: ED355763
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991-Nov-1
Reference Count: N/A
Perspectives on Foreign Language Education in the Soviet Union.
A study of the nature, extent, and effectiveness of foreign language education in the Soviet Union is presented. Research methodology consisted of reading available literature and a panel discussion wiht three Soviet language teaching specialists, then review of a draft report by additional specialists from Moscow and the United States. The report provides a description of the project, its methodology, and details of its findings on Soviet language standards and proficiency measurement, quality and quantity of language training available, philosophy of language education, non-classroom language learning experience, and motivation for language study. Major conclusions include the following: the U.S.S.R. did not have a system of standards for measuring proficiency; a two-track system provides intensive and non-intensive language training in elementary and secondary school; an extensive and organized foreign language community exists in higher education; philosophy and interest in language teaching theory have evolved to place more emphasis on teacher discretion and authentic materials; motivation is high; only students in intensive programs attain appreciable competence; and adherence to public language education policy has been inconsistent. Three appendices contain a reprint of a decree on the improvement of foreign language instruction, syllabic for English language instruction, and guidelines for university entrance examinations. (MSE)
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Intensive Language Courses, Language Proficiency, Language Role, Language Tests, Learning Motivation, Program Design, Second Language Instruction, Second Languages, Testing
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Defense Language Inst., Monterey, CA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: USSR