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ERIC Number: ED355729
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993
Pages: 53
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Mental Retardation in Perspective.
Horvath, Michael; And Others
This monograph presents a general introduction to the history, classification, and characteristics of mental retardation. It begins with a discussion of the history of mental retardation from ancient Greece and Rome to the present. The beginnings of special education are traced to the early 19th century in Europe. Major influences in treatment of the mentally retarded in the United States during the 19th and early 20th centuries are summarized. Changes in definitions of mental retardation are traced from 1845 through 1983. A section on classification addresses degrees of mental retardation and provides an extensive discussion of various etiologies including infection or intoxication, trauma or physical agent, metabolism or nutrition, gross brain disease, unknown prenatal influence, chromosomal abnormality, gestational disorders, retardation following psychiatric disorder, and environmental influences. Characteristics of individuals with mental retardation are specified for mild mental retardation, moderate mental retardation, severe mental retardation, and profound mental retardation. Appropriate instructional goals are also offered for each level. (Contains 93 references.) (DB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A