ERIC Number: ED355697
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Feb-28
Reference Count: N/A
Creativity Tests and Artistic Talent.
Wakefield, John F.
A longitudinal study of various measures of creativity was conducted to determine the validity of a number of possible predictors of an arts orientation. Tests of creative thinking, creative personality, divergent thinking, intelligence, and school achievement were administered to above-average fifth-graders (N=23), who also drew pictures based on a common theme. Students then took the ACT Interest Inventory 1 year and 3 years later. Arts interest in sixth grade was predicted by expert ratings of the fifth-grade drawings for artistic merit and scores on creative thinking and creative personality measures. The only fifth-grade measure which predicted arts interest in eighth grade was artistic merit of drawings. Artistic competence in fifth grade was a leading indicator of a developing arts orientation in the eighth grade. The study concluded that: (1) expert ratings of drawings for artistic merit were the best means tested for early identification of artistic talent; (2) problem finding requires skills or abilities that were not assessed by the intelligence quotient measures, but were correlated with achievement and creativity criteria; (3) the divergent thinking exercise used in the study seemed to have a verbal bias that was absent from the creative thinking exercise; and (4) in the long run, many determinants other than thinking skills affect developing career orientations. (Contains 27 references.) (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Art, Art Expression, Creative Expression, Creative Thinking, Creativity, Creativity Tests, Divergent Thinking, Grade 5, Grade 6, Grade 8, Intelligence Quotient, Intermediate Grades, Longitudinal Studies, Measurement Techniques, Personality, Predictive Validity, Secondary Education, Talent, Talent Identification, Vocational Interests
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Interest Inventory