ERIC Number: ED355637
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1992
School Leader as Motivator. Occasional Papers: School Leadership and Education Reform, OP#9.
Maehr, Martin L.; And Others
This paper focuses on the role of the school leader as motivator. In particular, attention is given to what those in school leadership roles can do to enhance the personal investment of students in learning. A conceptual model is outlined which suggests that school leaders affect not only the degree, but also the quality of student motivation by influencing the "psychological environment" of the school. A program of research is described that explicates that relationship and demonstrates the validity and utility of the model. Special attention is given to the definition of "psychological environment" and to specifying its antecedents and consequences. Field studies at both the elementary and middle school levels are described to illustrate how leaders can work on the school environment in a way that will influence student motivation. Building especially on the preliminary results of these field studies, specific implications for practice are discussed. (Contains 69 references.) (Author)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Administrator Effectiveness, Administrator Role, Educational Change, Educational Environment, Elementary Education, Elementary Schools, Intermediate Grades, Junior High Schools, Leadership Qualities, Leadership Styles, Middle Schools, Motivation Techniques, School Attitudes, Student Motivation
National Center for School Leadership, University of Illinois/Urbana-Champaign, 1208 W. Springfield, Urbana, IL 61801 ($4).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Administrators
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for School Leadership, Urbana, IL.