ERIC Number: ED355626
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov-30
Reference Count: N/A
National Education Goals and Federal Policy Issues: Action by the 102d Congress.
Stedman, James B.; Riddle, Wayne C.
In 1990, President Bush and the nation's governors adopted six National Education Goals for the year 2000, calling for improvements in school readiness, high school graduation rates, curriculum mastery, math and science achievement, adult literacy and skills, and drug abuse and violence levels. Congress faces two overarching issues--identifying education reform strategies most likely to achieve the goals and shaping appropriate federal and congressional roles in reform efforts. Proposed strategies considered by the 102nd Congress included establishing national curriculum standards and assessments, comprehensively reforming state and local education, restructuring individual schools, promoting parental choice, providing more resources for needy schools, deregulating schools, and providing rewards and sanctions for schools. Federal legislation embraced several of these strategies and called for more active congressional involvement in reform efforts. The primary legislative proposal, S.2 (Neighborhood Schools Improvement Act), failed to be enacted. The bill would have codified the goals and supported systemic state-level reform, restructuring grants for local education agencies, limited deregulation waivers, and national curriculum content and delivery standards. "America 2000," President Bush's 1991 strategy to accomplish the national goals, addressed reform of current schools through school choice, development of new model schools, enhancement of workers' skills, and community involvement in school reform. Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act by the 103rd Congress provides an opportunity to consider amendment of current programs to support such strategies. (MLH)
Descriptors: Community Involvement, Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Government, Federal Legislation, Government Role, Graduation Requirements, Literacy, National Competency Tests, National Standards, School Choice, School Readiness, School Restructuring
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.