ERIC Number: ED355613
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Transformational Leadership in Principals: An Analysis of the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire Results. Professional Leadership Development Monograph Series, Volume 2, Number 1.
Findings of a study that investigated transformational and transactional leadership behaviors in elementary and secondary school principals are presented in this paper. Transactional leadership is often used to accomplish lower-order managerial objectives, such as clarifying work expectations and maintaining quality of performance, while transformational leadership, however, is related to long-term development and change, producing higher levels of effort and satisfaction in followers, which translated to greater productivity and quality outcomes for the organization. The study also sought to measure the relationship of transformational and transactional leadership factors with the organizational outcomes of extra effort, effectiveness, and satisfaction. Methodology involved the administration of two surveys: (1) one to 27 elementary, junior high, and high school principals in south central Minnesota, in which respondents described their leadership behaviors, and (2) one to 482 teachers who rated the 27 principals' behaviors. Findings indicate that principals tended to exhibit transformational leadership behaviors, but needed improvement in the transformational areas of intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration, and in the transactional areas of contingent reward and management-by-exception. The findings provide a new perspective on how to view principals in relation to exceptional leadership, organizational effectiveness, satisfaction, and teacher motivation. Eighteen tables are included. (LMI)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Mankato State Univ., MN. Dept. of Educational Administration.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire