ERIC Number: ED355547
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Similarities and Contrasts between Writing during a Writers' Workshop and Writing in Science: Examining the Teacher's Role. Elementary Subjects Center Series No. 94.
Rosaen, Cheryl L.; Roth, Kathleen J.
A study investigated what was possible in terms of student learning when a conceptual change model of teaching science and a writers' workshop model of teaching writing were used consistently across time. Similarities and contrasts in the curriculum, learning communities, and teachers' roles when the two instructional models were used (by two different teachers) in a fifth-grade classroom of 22 students were analyzed. Results revealed five broad similarities in the science and writers' workshop curriculum and learning community. The teacher: (1) develops curriculum strands that are interwoven over time; (2) uses writing tasks as learning tools; (3) connects writing tasks to a wider range of learning activities; (4) scaffolds student thinking and participation in the learning community; and (5) creates writing and other tasks that are congruent with the norms of interaction in a learning community. Seven areas of contrast in the teachers' roles in structuring and carrying out writing activities were found: (1) framing writing tasks to achieve subject matter goals; (2) defining purposes for writing; (3) using writing to meet individual learning needs; (4) choice in writing tasks; (5) developing ownership; (6) audience; and (7) response. Findings suggest that there are ways in which teaching writing and teaching science are distinctive activities with distinctive subject matter goals that require different approaches and different teacher roles, and that the two instructional models are complementary and enable teachers to work toward fostering a learning centered classroom. Six tables of data and two figures are included. (Contains 34 references.) (Author/RS)
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Elementary School Teachers, Grade 5, Intermediate Grades, Models, Science Instruction, Teacher Role, Writing Instruction, Writing Research, Writing Workshops
Center for the Learning and Teaching of Elementary Subjects, Institute for Research on Teaching, 252 Erickson Hall, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1034 ($14).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for the Learning and Teaching of Elementary Subjects, East Lansing, MI.