ERIC Number: ED355491
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Learning To Make Idea Maps with Elementary Science Text. Technical Report No. 572.
Armstrong, James O.
One way that teachers can assist students to learn from their textbooks is through the use of verbal-spatial representations of text structure. This report offers teachers and teacher educators information about learning to make idea maps for instructional use with elementary science texts. Idea maps, which are verbal-spatial representations of ideas and the relationships connecting them, can resemble flow charts, diagrams, or tables. The information in this report is based upon selected results from a study of eight preservice elementary teachers who received several hours of individual instruction in idea mapping and then independently read and mapped two passages of elementary science text. The report presents the instructional materials, describes the instructional sessions, and considers selected data from the independent work sessions as indications of the preservice teachers' learning from the instructional sessions. The results show that all but one student followed the instructional guideline to make "global maps," which were limited to key text ideas. On the other hand, four of the eight students required major levels of assistance to complete at least one of their idea maps. The results of think-aloud protocols also showed that the preservice teachers used a wide variety of strategies to begin their idea maps. Implications are discussed for the use of the instructional materials by teachers and educators. (Six tables of data are included; an appendix--which comprises about half the document--presents the instructional materials used to introduce the student to idea maps. (Contains 38 references.) (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Sponsor: Illinois Univ., Champaign. Coll. of Education.
Authoring Institution: Center for the Study of Reading, Urbana, IL.