ERIC Number: ED355399
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-May
Reference Count: N/A
Job Opportunities and Technical and Vocational Training of Unemployed Girls in China. Verhandelingen No. 48.
Kan, Feng Min
A survey was conducted in three technical and vocational training centers in Beijing (China) to determine whether receiving technical or vocational training at training centers made it easier for unemployed girls to have a job. Data were obtained through structured and open interviews and questionnaires; 286 of 350 trainees who were solicited returned questionnaires (148 females and 138 males) for a response rate of 81.7%. Findings indicated that the training centers were developed to meet China's social and economic development needs. Training centers had played an active role in increasing the labor force, and the training they offered helped job seekers find jobs easily in the tight labor market. Unemployed girls gained access to different kinds of training courses. Information from interviews with leaders of training centers and trainees' responses indicated that both male and female trainees could easily find jobs after training at the centers. However, the unemployed girls' participation in the training centers was not satisfactory in terms of quantity and quality. Girls did not enjoy the rate of access to the training that they should, and they tended to cluster in training courses leading to women's traditional jobs, which were characterized by low skill and social prestige. Intake of women in training courses was relatively low compared to their rate of unemployment. This indicated clearly that sex segregation in paid employment had increased and was more obvious than before the economic reforms in China. (YLB)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Educational Research, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Enrollment Trends, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Females, Foreign Countries, Job Training, Nontraditional Occupations, Postsecondary Education, Sex Discrimination, Sex Fairness, Technical Education, Unemployment, Vocational Schools
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Centre for the Study of Education in Developing Countries, The Hague (Netherlands).
Identifiers - Location: China (Beijing)