ERIC Number: ED355355
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Jan
Community Policing and the Police Officer.
Meese, Edwin, III
Perspectives on Policing, n15 Jan 1993
The new philosophy of police work has been called "community policing," a term that includes problem-solving techniques, strategic use of resources, and increasingly sophisticated investigative capabilities. The success of new policing strategies depends on the ability to recruit, develop, and field a group of officers who understand their roles in peacekeeping, community service, and crime fighting. More fundamental than the necessary change in skills is the change in the basic position of the police officer. The military system has been called into question as a proper model for the new vision of police professionalism. One way to improve the quality and professionalism is to change the titles and rank structure. The management structure needs to be changed, since community policing envisions the empowerment of officers. Police departments must select innovative, self-disciplined, and self-motivated individuals. A college education appears to be necessary or at least desirable. Training in the concepts of community policing must be reflected throughout recruiting and the training program. Changing the supervisory style to reflect the values and techniques of community policing is of critical importance. Other important parts of the community policing officer's success and personal satisfaction are field support, relationships within the police department, and effective systems for monitoring, evaluating, and, when necessary, disciplining police conduct. (45 endnotes.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Kennedy School of Government.; Department of Justice, Washington, DC. National Inst. of Justice.