ERIC Number: ED355307
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1991
Reference Count: N/A
The Education and Employment of Low-Income Black Youth in White Suburbs. Working Papers.
Kaufman, Julie E.; Rosenbaum, James E.
This study examines the education and employment outcomes of black youth whose families moved from mostly-black housing projects in the city to either mostly-white suburbs or other mostly-black urban areas through the Gautreaux Housing Assistance Program in the Chicago (Illinois) area. In interviews with families who had moved 8 to 13 years earlier, the study examined: high school retention, grades, high school track placement, college attendance, employment, wages, job prestige, and job benefits. In spite of concerns about permanent disadvantages due to discrimination and competition with white peers, the suburban youth adults did significantly better than did those in the city in practically all areas studied. Compared with the group that moved out of the projects and into other mostly-black city areas, youth in the suburban group were more likely to be: (1) in high school; (2) in a college high school track; (3) in a four-year college; (4) in a job; (5) in a job with benefits; and (6) within the education and employment systems. In their comments, mothers and youth pointed to the positive effects of higher educational standards in the suburbs, additional academic help from suburban teachers, greater access to information about college enrollment from suburban schools, and positive suburban role models. (Author/JB)
Descriptors: Black Students, Black Youth, Disadvantaged Youth, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Environment, Educational Opportunities, Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Opportunities, Environmental Influences, Interviews, Low Income Groups, Public Housing, Suburban Environment, Suburban Housing, Suburban Schools, Urban to Suburban Migration, White Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL. Center for Urban Affairs and Policy Research.
Identifiers - Location: Illinois; Illinois (Chicago)