ERIC Number: ED355303
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Oct
Prejudice Reduction: What Works?
Social Science Research of the past several decades provides valuable insight into the processes of prejudice acquisition and reduction. This paper lists and briefly describes the following 15 findings based on this research and their implications regarding prejudice and what works to reduce it: (1) attitudes about interpersonal differences begin to be acquired in infancy; (2) attitudes may be set or softened by relationships and experiences; (3) the relationship among attitudes, perceptions, motivation, feelings, judgments, and behaviors is complex and much of it is socially mediated and highly contingent on "setting"; (4) because of this, some would approach the problem through macro-strategies rather than strategies focused on individual behaviors; (5) many researchers from minority communities emphasize strategies that reduce the adverse impact of dominant institutions on minority communities, while leaving the dominating majority to deal with their own biases; (6) social contact between groups may foster positive attitudes under specific conditions; (7) class prejudice may be more powerful than racial biases; (8) cultural bias may be the most deeply rooted element in prejudice; (9) nearly 60 percent of any message may be communicated non-verbally; (10) formal learning approaches have some limited success; (11) specifically anti-prejudice learning experiences are generally not successful; (12) multicultural learning contexts are the most successful for teaching about "other" peoples; (13) cooperative learning experiences are probably the major resource for reducing bias; (14) white racism training may be effective for some areas; and (15) leaders and authority figures may have a significant influence in reducing bias. Contains six references. (JB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Idaho Human Rights Commission, Boise.