ERIC Number: ED355250
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
A Precedent for Test Validation. ERIC/TM Digest.
Rudner, Lawrence; Farris, Michael P.
In December 1991, the South Carolina Supreme Court ordered the State Board of Education to stop using the Education Entrance Examination (EEE) for licensing parents who want to teach their children at home. In ruling that the test's validation process did not meet a standard of reasonableness, the Court established a significant precedent for test validation. The South Carolina Board of Education, which is required by law to evaluate the suitability of the EEE (a test designed as an admissions test for teacher education), contracted a traditional content-based validation study. A panel of judges, 17 of whom were home schoolers and 16 of whom were public school and college teachers, had to decide whether each item was a necessary prerequisite for home schoolers. The contractor reported that the panel's scores were good enough to validate the test for use for home schoolers. The plaintiffs, the Home School Legal Defense Association, challenged the validation process because panelists were not given a job analysis or description of successful home schooling and were not qualified to make the judgments expected of them. The Court did not accept the argument that the validity of the EEE generalizes from its original purpose and found that the Board of Education presented no evidence that the skills needed for home schooling are the same as those needed for admission to a teacher education program. The fact that high numbers of parents passed the test was irrelevant to the issue of validity. No evidence was presented that the panel, including the home schoolers, was qualified to make the types of judgments expected of them. (SLD)
Descriptors: Certification, Civil Liberties, College Entrance Examinations, Court Litigation, Elementary Secondary Education, Home Schooling, Parents as Teachers, School Attendance Legislation, State Legislation, State Standards, Test Use, Test Validity
American Institutes for Research, 3333 K Street, N.W., Suite 300, Washington, DC 20007 (free).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Tests, Measurement, and Evaluation, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina