ERIC Number: ED355237
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Identifying the Best Scenario for Using Schematic Organizers as Integration Tools for Alcohol-Related Information.
Peel, Jennifer L.; And Others
The goal of the present study was to examine scenarios for using two schematic organizers, schematic knowledge maps and conceptual matrices, in integrating episodic and semantic knowledge about alcohol. Seventy students (36 males and 34 females) from undergraduate general psychology classes participated for course credit. Participants were assigned to either a schematic organizer group or an essay writing group. These groups were subdivided further into two treatment sequences: episodic/semantic, or semantic/episodic. Sixteen subjects were in the map/episodic-semantic group, 19 were in the map/semantic-episodic group, 17 were in the essay/episodic-semantic group, and 18 were in the essay/semantic-episodic group. The episodic activity required participants to complete materials using their own alcohol-related experiences, whereas the semantic activity required participants to annotate expert materials. Assessment measures used were consumer-satisfaction questionnaires and free-recall tests. While no preferences were established for any one scenario, the episodic activities were rated higher than the semantic activities regardless of the integration sequence. The semantic/episodic integration scenario did produce higher recall scores for the expert information. One table and six figures illustrate the discussion. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A