ERIC Number: ED355145
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991
Educational Ideologies and Multicultural Education.
Evans, Ronald W.
In an attempt to address the gap between multicultural reformers and school practitioners and policymakers, this review essay discusses four overarching conceptions or ideologies of multicultural education: (1) cultural fundamentalism, an approach which generally aims at socializing diverse peoples to mainstream society; (2) cultural conservatism, an approach that seeks to socialize by helping diverse populations adjust to living in two worlds, remaining part of their home culture while accommodating mainstream culture; (3) cultural liberalism, an approach that promotes the value of cultural pluralism, social justice, and equal opportunity, seeking to improve society by instilling a respect for diversity and at the same time instilling a faith in gradual social improvement; and (4) cultural liberationism, an approach that advocates preservation of cultural diversity and transformation of society through countersocialization and social reconstructionism. Though these approaches are overlapping in many ways, not completely distinct, and by no means definitive, they may help sort out the competing claims of different theorists and citizens, and could assist efforts for cultural empowerment in a very complex, often contradictory, and ever changing field. (Contains 17 references.) (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Chicago, IL, April 1991).